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Study to Work to Residence - Pros and Cons

Posted by Iain on Nov. 15, 2019, 2:29 p.m. in Education

Spending a lot of time in Hong Kong and Singapore of late, a common question has emerged in my consultations.

When I explain to those who seek residency of New Zealand under the Skilled Migrant Category that they will need a skilled job, first, in order to secure enough points and that overwhelmingly demands for around 97% of clients that they resign their jobs and head off to New Zealand only to be confronted by a very real ‘chicken and egg’ situation (no work Visa means no job but no job means no work Visa), the blood usually drains out of their faces. The truth is most people, unless incredibly committed, are simply not going to resign their jobs, fly away without their family and try their luck in the labour market no matter how employable I believe they are (although right now however we are representing over 350 families who will).

As a consequence, I often get asked the question "What if I come and study in New Zealand as a pathway to residence?’ What is very clear to me is that in markets like Singapore and Hong Kong more than a few (unlicensed) education agents, push this line hard. It is a very seductive message (and keeps the cash flowing for the agent) but I'm not always convinced it is good advice.

I believe the advice is often given because in many cases it suits the person giving the advice rather than the migrant seeking a pathway towards residence.

If the holder of a Student Visa is studying toward a Bachelor degree or postgraduate qualification, they have 20 hours per week (and more during summer holidays) of work rights while they are studying and for the most part once they've completed their studies they are given a three-year Work Visa.

Those studying a research (thesis) based Masters degree or PhD have unlimited work rights while they are studying.

I think a lot of agents and immigration adviser/lawyers sell those advantage as if it is some silver bullet in terms of dealing with the ‘chicken and egg’ situation.

They seem to be incredibly active in the Indian and Asian markets despite two or three years ago the then National Party led government, as I have written about before, stabbing tens of thousands of, mainly Indian, international students in the back by changing who could get a work Visa at the end of the study. For many years in an effort to boost the export education industry, tens of thousands of youngsters were encouraged to come to New Zealand to study relatively low level and frankly garbage 12 month diplomas, not because of the knowledge they gained but because at the end of it they could get a Work Visa. I always believe this was borderline fraudulent on the part of the government and the private sector because the reality was most of those youngsters could not get the “skilled" job they needed in order to secure the points to remain in the country.

Interestingly, when the minimum level of qualification to obtain the Work Visa at the end of the study was increased to Bachelor degree there has been no significant drop off in the number of student visas been granted. This either means the world rates our education system incredibly highly (arguably, it should) or the government dangling the ‘carrot’ of a work Visa as the pathway to permanent residency at the end of the study, remains an incredibly strong incentive.

There are certainly pros and cons.

 

In the pro column: 

1.   Work rights while studying does offset the not in significant cost of study in New Zealand;

2.    Knowledge is always a good thing and if you can get that while experiencing a different culture and environment that can be an end in itself;

3.    New Zealand universities generally offer a high standard of education (Auckland University for example is consistently ranked in the top 100 in the world);

4.   A three year open work Visa at the end of the study does buy a lot of time to secure skilled employment.

5.   A work visa in hand absolutely does speed up the process of securing employment for some

6.   A qualification can of course, be an end in itself.

 

The cons:

1.  It is very expensive. A Bachelor degree is going to cost a non-resident something in the order of NZ$25,000 – $30,000 per year and most degrees will be three or four years long;

2.   Living in New Zealand is not cheap and unless you have a benefactor bankrolling you with limited work rights you're either going to get into debt or your parents are going to fork out a lot of money;

3.   It's all very well to have 20+ hours of work rights every week but full-time study is never easy at that level and squeezing in at least half a job can be very taxing;

4.    A student Visa is a temporary Visa. The graduate Work Visa granted at the end of the three years is also a temporary Visa. Every day on a temporary Visa is one more day for a government to change the residence or other immigration rules and looking three plus years into the future is potentially a risky game to play;

5.     That open Work Visa is no guarantee of skilled employment.


It is that last point which concerns me more than anything else for those choosing the study, to work, to residence, option.

Just because someone has a New Zealand Bachelor degree (or higher) does not mean the job that they get will be skilled in order to secure residence.

In particular those studying the soft subjects which don't qualify you for a particular ‘skilled’ occupation in my view should be avoided.

I think if someone is going to go down this pathway they need to study something which is going to give them, at entry level, skilled employment – I'm thinking engineering, IT, teaching, food technology and the like. Graduating with majors in Marketing, Business, Tourism or Hospitality is generally a waste of time because if you are young and you don't come to New Zealand with middle to senior level experience already, the entry level job you get on that work Visa is highly unlikely to be skilled enough to secure the points needed for residence.

For those who already have undergraduate degrees from abroad I will sometimes recommend if they do end up preferring this ‘study first’ option, to consider an MBA. It has a number of advantages - not least that you gain 20 additional points over a bachelor degree. While studying an MBA, there's going to be a lot of networking opportunities opening up and networking can often lead to jobs.

If you have a (foreign) Bachelor and a NZ MBA then there's a reasonable probability that the job you get is going to be skilled, but even that is no guarantee. There are plenty of international students who have come to New Zealand over the past decade and completed Masters degrees that cannot find skilled employment because they simply don't have the relevant work experience to get it.

Part of me says the three year graduate Work Visa option is a little more honest than the previous government's policy because three years is a long time and even if somebody graduated in New Zealand and took up a job that is not skilled enough to get residency, they may have enough time to get promoted to a position that is skilled.

The advice I tend to give most of the people that ask me about this option is that it should be Plan B. If you speak fluent English, you are a good cultural fit, you have skilled work experience already and you are resilient with a few dollars in your pocket (quite a few) then you are employable in the current market for the most part.

We are representing at any given time around 370 families all of whom need skilled jobs to get sufficient points to stay long term in New Zealand.

In the past year I think there might have been ten clients who came to New Zealand that did not find employment or did not get the right type of job. That suggests we are fairly good judges of who is likely to succeed and fail in the current labour market and although it is frightening prospect for most people to resign a job, jump on a plane and come to New Zealand and deal with ‘the chicken and egg’ it is still a quicker, cheaper more certain pathway to residency for the majority.

Not for the faint hearted and I sometimes think it is the less confident (or less well researched or advised) that end up going down what they perceive to be an easier pathway, of studying first.

Iain MacLeod

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Oi Mate

Posted by Myer on July 3, 2019, 1:50 p.m. in Education

Oi Mate, 'Ows Your English?

There has been an increased emphasis in recent years in English-language ability as an eligibility criteria for obtaining permanent residence in Australia and New Zealand, at least as far as skilled migrants are concerned. The rationale is that improved English language ability leads to better employment outcomes and greater social integration on the part of the migrant. Whilst both countries have a common objective the implementation of English-language policy vis-à-vis skilled migrants differs between both countries.

Generally Australia has more stringent English-language criteria than New Zealand which is a bit ironic when one listens to the post-match interviews with some of our sporting stars. Perhaps Australia is trying to improve the overall level of national English ability so that we can get more articulate, or at least understandable postgame analysis on the part of our sports people without needing to translate "Eet's a goime a two halves".

Both Australia and New Zealand have a points based system of obtaining permanent residence, in Australia it's called the general skilled migration visas and New Zealand it's called the skilled migrant category. Both require primary applicants to have a certain level of English, and there are different English-language tests that one can do but it's rare to find anyone that qualifies for Australia's general skilled migration visas having a level of English less than "proficient" measured as obtaining 7 out of a total of 9 on each of the four bands of a number of prescribed English language tests, a common one being the International English Language Test System (IELTS), whereas New Zealand requires an average score of 6.5 out of 9 for principal applicants. 

If one wants to qualify for sufficient points to apply for an independent general skilled migration visa in Australia these days given high ‘pass marks’ migrants commonly need to achieve superior English-language ability (at least 8 out of 9 in each of the four band scores of the IELTS test). That is a high bar indeed.

Non-principal applicants aged 16 years and older are also supposed to have a certain level of English-language ability assessed as an average score of 5 out of 9 on the IELTS test in New Zealand and 4.5 in Australia. Australia is going to implement certain changes in November of this year that allow spouses to add points to the score of the primary applicant for ‘competent’ English as it is recognised that this level of English-language ability will mean that spouses or partners can better integrate into society and have improved employment outcomes.

New Zealand doesn't use English-language as a factor in contributing to an applicant's point score but sets minimum criteria that have to be met by both principal applicants and spouses and both Australia and New Zealand allow spouses/partners to pre-purchase English-language tuition and the amount to be paid will be determined by their English language score.

I'm using IELTS as an example but there are actually five English-language tests that can be used by both Australia and New Zealand namely:

     • International English Language Testing System (IELTS)

     • Test of English as a Foreign Language internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT)

     • Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE Academic)

     • Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE)

     • The Occupational English test (OET) to demonstrate English proficiency. OET is the English language test for healthcare professionals. It assesses the language communication skills of healthcare professionals who wish to register and practise in an English-speaking environment.

For many years IELTS was the only English-language test available for both Australia and New Zealand but after numerous allegations of IELTS having a monopoly, in 2014 the other forms of English language test were introduced into Australian immigration policy and New Zealand followed suit.

One of the most frequent questions I receive in consultations is "which is the best English-language test?" and it's difficult to answer because the tests are all different in nature and one has to do sample tests to see which format of test suit your style of English. For example the IELTS test requires you to write with a pencil and speak to a tutor, the Pearson PTE academic test allows you to type on a keyboard and requires you to speak to a computer which analyses your syntax, vocabulary et cetera. 

We tend to find the module that causes most problems for our clients is the writing module of the IELTS test or the speaking module of the Pearson test.

Before you go ahead and book your English-language test you also need to take into account that certain skills assessment authorities in Australia may require one form of test or another. For example teachers have to do the academic version of the IELTS test for a skills assessment in Australia and the skills assessing authority the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership only accepts the academic version of the IELTS test.

The same applies for those who will be working in occupations in New Zealand that require statutory registration - the level of English required fo that process is generally higher than the standard for the visa.

It's interesting that Australia requires a certain level of English for work visas but not New Zealand. 

Australia requires an overall band score of at least 5.0 with a score of at least 4.5 in each of the test components of the IELTS test unless one is exempt from having to do the test whereas New Zealand does not consider English-language ability as an assessment criteria in obtaining a work visa. 

There are real skill shortages in both countries, particularly as far as trade and technical occupations are concerned. Many of these tradespeople are inherently prejudiced by the format of the English-language test and their tertiary studies tend to prepare them for more technical problem-solving as opposed to paper-based problems which English-language tests on both Australia and New Zealand tend to emphasise. Quite frankly when I have an overflowing toilet at 1 AM in the morning I don't really care whether my plumber speaks Queens English as long as he is adept in the art of shifting spanners and knows where to find the toilet flush valve.

I'd have to say that whilst English-language is an important criteria for assessing an applicant's ability to integrate into society I think that New Zealand has a more sensible approach but quantifying an applicant's English-language ability at the start of the process is probably one of the key factors in determining visa options that are available and it eliminates one of the biggest variables in the process. 

- Myer Lipschitz, Melbourne Office

Tags: English

Teachers Are Revolting!

Posted by Iain on May 31, 2019, 4:45 p.m. in Education

Earlier this week tens of thousands of Teachers went on strike across New Zealand. As they marched up Queen Street and past our offices they were chanting “What do we want? Teachers! When do we want them? Now!”

I don't believe anyone in New Zealand takes strike action without good cause and in this case I think the Teachers have very good reason to send a very strong signal to the government.

We have been in a Teacher crisis now for two years and it doesn't look like it is going to end any time soon. Earlier this year Government reported that we were 3000 teachers short and as far as I can tell the latest numbers suggest we have managed to find 272 - almost all from overseas - to join us in New Zealand. We still have thousands of classrooms without them.

Even paying New Zealand Teachers $7000 by way of bonus to rejoin the sector doesn't seem to be working. Offering migrant teachers $5000 once they have completed one term of work might see New Zealand as a more attractive place for Teachers to move, but the numbers still seem relatively small compared to the demand.

Most teachers will have voted for the current government and two of the three major parties forming the government promised to make things better for Teachers, including salary. The truth is they have failed to deliver and Teachers are now doing something about it.

In 2021, a graduate primary school teacher will start on a salary of around $52,000 (in Auckland the average salary across all occupations is $78,000). With each year of experience, the amount they earn will increase and teachers also get additional allowances for taking on other tasks. We have been told this week that one of our South African clients who has now been teaching in New Zealand for around one year, having little experience before she landed in the country, has been told she may be earning $80,000 by year five. At high school, they start higher and we have many migrant client Teachers in New Zealand now with around 10 years of work experience under their belt who are earning around $85,000 a year. It is not bad money (!) but if you are single and you are starting out in life, surviving in Auckland on a graduate salary would be extremely difficult especially given the cost of accommodation, if you're not still living with your parents.

Although the Teachers are adamant they are worth more than they are being paid, what they also want is more Teachers because those that are in the game are having to cover for those empty classrooms.

How did we end up so short of so many teachers?

On that score I don't actually blame the current nor previous governments. A perfect storm developed a few years ago when the number of New Zealanders returning from overseas increased as our economic prospects improved, thousands of Australians were also moving to New Zealand and fewer New Zealanders were leaving the country for better economic prospects overseas. 

At the same time, we have been letting in fewer skilled migrants than the government targets, and the outcome of all of this is that Auckland has seen its population increase by 200,000 people in the past four years, when we were planning for 50,000. We can control the number of migrants we let in, but we cannot control New Zealanders returning to New Zealand, nor the thousands of Australians choosing New Zealand over Australia.

That means more people, more children, more pressure on infrastructure, not enough schools, not enough teachers, hospitals, houses and so on. 

Compounding this, youngsters who might have enjoyed a career in teaching have been studying other things because better paying jobs are abundant. Enrolments in Bachelor of Education programs across the country plummeted a few years ago and have only just started to recover. 

As far as Auckland is concerned, graduate Teachers have often been heading out of the city once they graduate because, strangely, Teachers are paid the same all across New Zealand. Auckland is expensive to live in; the rest of the country is not. A young teacher who might want to start a family or own a house is not going to be able to do it in Auckland unless they find a partner who earns good money.

A perfect storm indeed.

The government is finding that it was easy to make promises while they were sitting on the opposition benches, but much harder to actually solve the problems they claimed to be able to solve. No wonder so many people are growing tired of mainstream politics. 

If the government asked me if I'd be happy to pay an additional 1% or 2% in tax in order to provide Teachers (and nurses for that matter) 20–25% more than they been offered now, I would say yes. I am sure most New Zealanders would agree with me on that. 

This government bribed young people in 2017 by promising to increase the university tuition subsidy from 75% of the first year to 100% (and over the next few years making all university study 100% free). That pledge was budgeted to cost $2 billion a year this year. They could've left the very generous 75% subsidy in place, taken $1 billion (of the budgeted $2 billion) and significantly increased the salary of every teacher in New Zealand. They could've taken the second billion and done the same for nurses and other health care workers.

They didn't, and now we have Teachers marching in the streets. Something we have not seen for 30 years. 

The registration process for many teachers has been streamlined and if the immigration department could get its act together and you are a Teacher at pre-primary, primary or high school level, you speak fluent English and you wish to join us, it is a very good occupation to be in right now. 

You know who to contact.

Until next week...

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Education Armageddon

Posted by Iain on Sept. 14, 2018, 6:30 p.m. in Education

Earlier this week the unions that represent primary school teachers agreed to consider an 'across the board' pay rise, with something going to all public sector primary level teachers, but more going to those with greater experience. Teachers will vote on it next week.

Reaching some agreement with the primary teaching sector is critical if the Government is to make any dent in the projected 3000 teacher shortfall expected by early 2020 which would be less a crisis as much as an education armageddon.

I cannot give you the exact numbers, but currently graduate primary teachers start around NZ$47,500 per annum and this will increase to NZ$52,980 by 2020. The teacher union was demanding $55,567 by next year. This is fairly typical of entry level post University roles for many other occupations.

Things are better for those with more experience - those with a Bachelor of Education degree and at least seven years of post-grad work experience will see their basic salary increase from $75,949 today to NZ$82,999. 

Those teachers with more experience who also take on additional responsibilities could soon be earning close to $100,000. I am uncertain whether the numbers released publicly include or exclude the 3% employer contribution on top of the salary that employers pay toward a teacher’s retirement savings with Kiwisaver (should they choose to be part of it).

When you consider the median salary across the country is around $62,000 and around $75,000 in Auckland, these teachers with a few years under their belt aren’t doing too badly. And, yes, I will say it - with 13 weeks off a year it isn’t the worst pay packet going. Of course, it can be a stressful job but show me one that isn’t...

The crisis in teaching numbers has been brought about for four principle reasons:

  • Around 40% fewer teachers graduating from University today than five years ago
  • Auckland population growth - we are up 200,000 people over four yers ago when projections had us at about 50,000
  • Auckland house prices at almost double the rest of the country and with a national pay scale teachers can earn as much outside of the city with much lower living costs 
  • Teaching salaries relative to other occupations are not high

This salary increase may go some way to alleviating these pressures; particularly in Auckland.

Negotiations between government and unions continue for the separate secondary high school teachers award. Secondary/high school teachers traditionally earn a little more than their primary counterparts.

The approaching ‘armageddon’ was brought home to me recently by the number of teaching clients of ours getting jobs without teacher registration (although they must have it before they can secure work visas and residence) and without being in New Zealand. There was another only this morning.

The fact that a foreign teacher who works for one term is eligible for a one off grant of NZ$5000 might be adding the sweetener the Government hoped it would to migrate to New Zealand.

The government really only has itself to blame for what was an evolving crisis that is now nothing short a disaster.

When, in opposition, they stupidly campaigned during last year’s election for the 75% subsidy on University study to become 100% for the first year at a projected cost of around $2 billion a year. They promised over the next few years all university will be totally free and up from the current 75% per yer subsidy on course costs. While the previous Government had that surplus, most of it has now been spent on university students. 

They could have offered and afforded teachers at all levels the (modest) 3% per year for three years they were asking for. In fact they could have been significantly more generous but they dug themselves a deep hole and jumped right in.

They’d have had lots left in the kitty for secondary teachers and that other sector that is poorly paid (by NZ standards): nurses. They wanted power though so they made a number of grossly irresponsible promises and the country is now going to pay a price. They have ruled out tax increases, for now at least, but they made so many spending promises last year all the projected surpluses for the next three years are already accounted for. Good luck working that through.

It is a great thing that with inflation running around 1.5% these pay settlements represent real extra money in the hand (just in time for petrol prices to rise as oil prices remain high!) and not effectively just a cost of living adjustment. Rewarding those that stay in the profession and have more experience and are better at their job (one hopes) is a sensible move and offers an incentive to teachers to stay in the game.

There is no doubt that even in Auckland, if it is as a second income and the primary teacher has a partner earning similar money, it does make Auckland affordable once again.

I just wonder where the Government plans to get the money from for the no less deserving secondary/high school teachers. But that’s another story for another day.

Until next week...

Iain MacLeod, Southern Man

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Transitioning to Primary School - Survey Says We're Doing Well

Posted by Iain on June 15, 2018, 1:55 p.m. in Education

Given most of you migrate to New Zealand for a bit of freedom, lifestyle and education opportunities for your children, a really uplifting and positive report has just been released that shows we are doing an awful lot right when it comes to our children’s early years in school.

Bearing in mind that in New Zealand all children must by law be in school by their sixth birthday, but most start on their fifth, this longitudinal study looked at how the mothers of some 7000 six year olds perceived their child adjusted and coped with the transition from pre-school to primary school.

The study was overwhelmingly positive and here are some highlights:

  • Over 90% of mothers reported being satisfied or very satisfied with the effect their child’s current school was having on their educational, social, emotional and physical needs
  • Over 90% had adjusted and settled into their new school within one month and 72% reported no difficulties or issues in the transition to primary school
  • Around 85% attended their local state (public) Primary School
  • The most common class size was between 20 and 25 children (10% were in classes of fewer than 15 children and 6% were in classes of more than 30).
  • Some 26% had been exposed to what is called a Modern Learning Environment within the school which sees them having access to open and flexible learning spaces and advanced technology
  • Around three quarters live within 5km of their local school yet some 68% are delivered to school by private car, 3% rode a bike to school and 15% walked (pathetic!)
  • Some 88% of mothers were actively involved in some way with their children’s school
  • Around 51% of children get free milk at school and 10% are supplied with breakfast
  • Close to 25% attended after school care (at the school) till their parents could pick them up and 8% were in care before school begins of a morning

The single most important factor in the transition was the teacher. Around 12% of children had at least two teachers in their first year and the report suggests that this needs to be looked at given the relative importance of the teacher in the process of transitioning from a pre-school environment to a primary school and how the children adapt.

Class sizes are growing as more school adopt the Modern Learning Environment. I read an interesting paper on what these are, as they are not viewed as necessarily universally beneficial and as with all things education in this country, everyone has an opinion.

An increasingly mobile workforce saw a surprising 12% of children experiencing a change of school in their first year and close to two-thirds had moved house at least once by the time they were five.

Apparently, the children are going to be surveyed to see if their reality mirrors their mother’s perceptions.

If you are a bit of a nerd (or a teacher) you can read the whole report here. If you’d prefer the highlights you can read them here.

Until next week...

Iain MacLeod, Southern Man


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World Leading Education in NZ

Posted by Iain on Sept. 29, 2017, 6:31 p.m. in Education

In a report released recently by The Economist Intelligence Unit, New Zealand scores extremely well in how our education system prepares children for a rapidly changing future.

The six criteria were:

  • Interdisciplinary skills;
  • Creative and analytical skills;
  • Entrepreneurial skills;
  • Leadership skills; 
  • Digital and technical skills; and
  • Global awareness and civic education.

"The index highlights a widespread need for holistic educational techniques such as project-based learning, where students grapple with a subject (often of their own choosing) in great depth and with reference to several academic disciplines,"

I talk a lot about this at my seminars – the way we educate our children how to think rather than getting them to learn stuff and regurgitate it through exams.

I offer two examples of this.

When my two sons were at Primary School and aged around ten they and their classmates were immersed in what was known as ‘Rich Tasks’. This saw the children divided into groups and each group was assigned a different task in respect of building, broadcasting and marketing a radio station. I kid you not. These children are not Einstein’s (well, my children anyway) and this was our local (and very ‘normal’) public/Government school. It was incredible to watch these youngsters take a whole lot of learning and apply it holistically without appreciating perhaps it was maths, english and science all being put to good use at the same time. Their critical thinking was put to the test. The radio station worked. 

I also believe this is how New Zealand became the 11th country in the world to be able to send commercial satellite payloads into space earlier this year. Rocketlab was established around a decade ago by a bunch of young Kiwi Engineers who decided they wanted to build rockets and put them into space. In that typical ‘why not?’ fashion of New Zealanders, equipped with the skills that allowed them to solve complex problems in ways never thought of before (being broke usually helps inspire creativity) this company goes from strength to strength. Lockheed Martin has bought in to share in the technological advances created at relatively low cost by these Kiwis. 

I often hear of companies overseas that really appreciate NZ Engineers because they think very laterally – they don’t feel confined to one narrow area of a particular discipline and are 'solution driven'. That is an overused cliché but in many cases in New Zealanders it is real. 

I might add to that the recent winning of the America’s Cup. The oldest sporting trophy in the world is once again back in New Zealand. Knowing we cannot compete with the billionaires (Larry Ellison’s Oracle was the defender) and their budgets, the team put their heads together and won by outsmarting the opposition through design and ‘out of the box’ thinking. Whacky and off the wall thinking led to faster boats and that in turn led Team New Zealand to victory.

I think about countries like Singapore where an education system exists based (from Primary School) around passing exams. On that front Singapore pats itself on the back every year when it is shown their children do really well (world beaters in fact) passing maths and science exams. I wonder how good they are at applying that knowledge however...

The feedback I get from Singaporean based parents (biased of course as they want their children as far away from that sort of system as they can get) is that in many ways it often disadvantages children because they have learned ‘stuff’ but have little idea how to apply it in the real world. As a result Singapore is not known for its creativity or its people being particularly entrepreneurial. The Government is now working to change that but New Zealand has a thirty year head start on them.

It's pretty special to see little old NZ once again picking up a gold medal and being # 1 in something, but this time not in sailing, rugby or rocket launching but in preparing our children for a rapidly changing future.

Writing as an employer, I should add, we are by no means perfect. One area we fall down in our teaching is poor English skills – we seem to be creating generations of lateral thinkers, we just need to teach them a bit more about the importance of accurate grammar and spelling. There is still a place for rote learning in these areas and if we have one weakness in our system (and it is deeply ingrained) that is it.

I guess you can’t have everything but we can certainly do a lot better in that aspect of our education system. No point being able to design rockets if no one can understand the user manual.

If you’d like to read the report you can click here.

Until next week...

Iain MacLeod

Southern Man


Big Data

Posted by Iain on July 21, 2017, 3:13 p.m. in Education

New Zealanders, as a general rule, have an aversion to the state collecting information on us. ‘Big data’ is sometimes viewed as sinister. 

We like to believe we are very private and the State should not be privy to the details of how we might live our lives and how that might help to create a more prosperous cohesive society. I find that deeply ironic in a country where so many rely on the State to provide education, health and social services. And so many reveal their true selves on the likes of Google every time they make a search or on Facebook (which I know Government departments access).

We are one of the few countries I can think of that does not have identity cards or social security numbers. Yet we expect the state to provide us with food, shelter and a pension.

New Zealand is using big data in some very interesting and to my way of thinking, positive ways.

Take education for example...

A recent study showed that by pulling together data commonly available about our lives, it is possible by looking at seven key factors which children at birth will have a very strong likelihood of ending up in prison or with a criminal conviction by the time they were 21. Seven factors...

This sort of information is being used to recalibrate how we fund education in the pubic system. Around 95% of children attend State run schools in New Zealand. Over the past 30 years or so funding for those schools has depended on a decile system reflecting the broad socio-economic within that school’s local geographic catchment. Property values, household incomes and the like played the biggest role. 

It has little to do with education outcomes by the way. Unfortunately, most locals believe this to be the case and that has spread to many migrants. The higher the decile rating (e.g. 8, 9 or 10) the less central Government tops up basic education funding for the school. The lower the number, the more they do.

This, it is largely agreed, was relatively effective but crude. In some suburbs property values might be increasing but household incomes remained low. No account was taken of the individual circumstances of the child...were they from a one or two parent home? Was there a history within the immediate or extended family of criminal behaviour? Or drug and alcohol abuse?

We now have the data that allows the vulnerability of that child to be identified by bringing together a lot of information gained through interaction with various state agencies.

Government has proposed changing this funding model from the one size fits all in that child’s school catchment zone to the additional (or less) funding being attached to that child as might be necessary on an individual basis.

In that way those children who may live in the same neighbourhood but have different needs can be better assisted – be that through counselling or psychological assistance, teacher aids and so on.

If the State agency responsible for the well being of at risk children can work with schools, communities, health and police to help that child avoid going to prison, can it be a bad thing?

Some say yes and that the State has no role to play. Some parents would feel embarrassed. Children could feel stigmatised. 

I’d like to think we are more open to finding new ways of helping our young; especially if they come from statistically vulnerable existences. 

It needs to be done sensitively, but I am very proud to live in a country where we will at least explore these possibilities.

Until next week...

Southern Man

Iain MacLeod


International Student Game

Posted by Iain on Sept. 24, 2016, 10:15 a.m. in Education

A week or so ago the Minister of Immigration proclaimed ‘they will not get residence’ when asked if he was concerned at the impact on the Skilled Migrant programme of the tens of thousands of international students his Government has promised, or recently given, job search work visas to (as a potential pathway to residence) having completed their studies in New Zealand. 

He said that only about 19% of international students go on and secure residence.

That, I suspect, will be unwelcome news to the many thousands who will feel they have essentially been sold a lemon by the NZ Government, Education NZ and a whole bunch of unlicensed education agents around the world, but particularly in India. A significant percentage of these students only came to study here on the promise of work and residence if they completed their studies. I suspect the agents in India did a lot of the promising but the Government laid the foundations through this misguided policy of dangling the work and residence carrot through immigration policy settings.

The Government has done little to dissuade these youngsters when their student visas are issued they might end up with a qualification but they’ll be using it back in India or elsewhere.

I am also not sure the 19% figure is accurate. I was recently given different figures by Immigration New Zealand (INZ). The figures I was given by suggested that around 45% of international students return home at the completion of their studies, around 48% stay in New Zealand and the balance of 7% enrol in new courses within New Zealand.

That 48% is now or shortly will be looking for skilled jobs and that represents, from India alone, around 14,000 individuals.

The Minister seems to suggest most won’t find work that will allow them to stay longer and perhaps get a resident visa.

I am not so sure but he might be right.

On the one hand anecdotal evidence suggests there is now a growing market in, essentially, fake job offers - particularly in Auckland. INZ is very aware of this and increasingly they are verifying the role both with the employer and the employee. They are doing this to make as sure as they can that the person is doing the job they claim to be doing and that it is both skilled and related to the job offered. Most staff also have to work for at least three months in the role and prove they have along with what they earned to ensure the job is ‘kosher’.

We are also aware of 'local wife wanted, will pay' type advertising. If you can't buy a job, buy a local wife instead and get residence through partnership.....

On the other hand we have decided to look at employing our own ‘in house’ recruiter to try and create a pipeline of employment opportunities for our selected clients. Over 90% of the applicants so far have been young Indian nationals on these post study, Job Search Work Visas. None are remotely qualified or experienced to do the job we are seeking but all are looking for that offer that will lead to securing a resident visa. Given most are employed locally in low skilled or entry level positions there is no doubt in my mind a number will run out of time to secure something skilled before they are forced to pack up and head home. 

To try and mitigate the potential backlash against the Government, education providers and education agents, the Minister has overseen the development and implementation of a Code of Practice whereby education providers will be held accountable for the actions of agents referring students to them. A good start – enough stick there without complicated regulators as we have in the immigration industry.

Having said that it is high time that all education agents were licensed by the Immigration Advisers Licensing Authority because no one in our business seriously believes that these agents are not also giving immigration advice and stopping with student visa information (those giving advice only on student visas do not require an immigration advisers license).We know they are advising students on work and residence options that come with a student visa and that is illegal and conveniently overlooked by our Government.

So while the Government is moving to tighten up things both at the visa application stage and with education providers and their agents there is still many thousands of youngsters whose parents have probably paid tens of thousands of dollars to study here who are about to be horribly let down when they realise what they came to study is not going to get them into the skilled job market.

So maybe the Minister is right and 81% will not get residence and be able to stay but given around half coming here want the residence at the end the Government needs to front up to the issue in a way they simply have not been.

The Government created the problem and now needs to try and solve it and they have a way to go before they do.

Until next week


New Zealand we have lift off

Posted by Iain on Aug. 13, 2016, 1:03 a.m. in Education

Those of you that might have endured one of my seminars recently know what a fan I am of the ‘can do’ attitude of the local founders of RocketLab and how I offer them as an example of what our education system offers our young people.

Our education system strives to provide all young people the opportunity to learn how to learn and to be independent thinkers. What they then decide to do with it if course is another thing......

I’ll never forget when my two sons each hit ten years of age being exposed to ‘rich learning tasks’ at our local public primary school. At that age, the class was split into four groups and tasked with designing, building, transmitting and ‘marketing’ a radio station. Seriously. A radio station. They were ten! While there was some help from parents what these youngsters were doing was putting into practice what they had learned - physics, maths, and communication - written and printed and so on. Inspirational education.

And the result?

My boys aren't DJs although one is working part time at it while studying. The eldest ended up last week (proud Dad) with a Bachelor degree in Marketing and has taken a keen interest in social media marketing. The aspiring DJ is studying Psychology in between 'gigs'.

Not the point of this piece however......

Around then years ago a group of young Engineers from University of Canterbury asked themselves over a few beers if they could design, build and launch a rocket into space. Why? Seemed like a good idea at the time and it was a bit of a ‘who’s buying the next round?’ sort of situation. They wouldn’t have been the first young people to have dreamed so big in New Zealand, what they were proposing was big, bold and most people would have been daunted at the prospect.

But not so these young New Zealanders. They come from a long line of 'can doers'.

If it is there, climb it (Mount Everest and Sir Edmund Hilary).

If it is an atom, split it and see what is inside (Sir Ernest Rutherford).

If you want a safe personal flying machine to strap on your back (Glenn Martin)

If you think it can fly – build it and try it out.  

RocketLab? Martin Jetpack?

No. What might just have been the first plane.  A little over 100 years ago a man now largely forgotten outside of New Zealand, Richard Pearse, built a ‘heavier than air’ flying machine and flew what is believed by many, several months before the Wright Brothers in the United States. He gets little credit and was largely forgotten by history which I suspect wouldn’t have bothered him.

The RockeLab team are just the latest in a long line of ‘Don’t say Can’t’ Kiwis involved in their own ‘rich task’.

These guys have attracted significant funding from among others, Lockhead Martin. This last fortnight has seen them gain permission from the US Government to carry a rover for a private US company into space and land it on the moon.  That’s right – the moon. This is no pie in the sky either – these guys have brought down the cost of launching fridge sized (and smaller) satellites into space from millions of dollars to thousands of dollars. Their largely home grown technology works.

The launch facilities are built on the Mahia Peninsula in the Hawke Bay, the orders are coming in for commercial delivery into orbit of satellites and these guys are literally ready, to blast off.

I cannot begin to describe my excitement that this latest in a long line of ‘never say die’ highly creative and entrepreneurial Kiwis is reaching literally for the stars.

Mixed with a teensy weensy bit of disappointment that the bigger story this week in New Zealand was the NZ Sevens Rugby team crashing out of medal contention in Rio. I mean, yeah, it’s been a tough week on the sports field, but really? They aren’t aiming for the moon!

Surely the newspapers should be full of column inches devoted to these space entrepreneurs revolutionising space commercialisation? They in my view should all be awarded gold medals in ‘Don’t say can’t’!

And along with that a gold medal to my sons’ Principal back in the early 2000s who viewed education as preparing our children for one long tasked filled and rich life.

Until next week

 

Iain MacLeod

Southern Man


Teacher Shortages Starting to Bite

Posted by Iain on July 15, 2016, 3:28 p.m. in Education

One of the unexpected consequences of Auckland's house price values and population increase in the past few years is an emerging shortage of teachers.

It is, by all accounts, really starting to bite.

Population growth has meant the government has set aside more money for construction of additional schools, classrooms and teachers particularly in, but not limited to Auckland.

The problem schools face is that many of our own local graduates are accepting jobs outside of Auckland, where on a teacher's salary they can afford to get into the housing market, something which is only going to be a dream for many young and single teachers if they stay in our neck of the woods. 

Operating a national pay scale, it matters not where a Teacher is employed in the public sector (which accounts for over 95% of all schools) but how qualified they are. So an Auckland based teacher who begins on an annual salary of around %55 000 earns the same as the teacher at the other end of the country where the cost of living is significantly lower. Average house prices in Auckland are around $900 000. The average house price across the rest of New Zealand is around $500 000. You get the picture.

Until a few years ago we were advising most teachers that get to work as a teacher without a Residence Visa or that precious work visa was possible but usually took many months to secure roles. We had a few coming through but we advised most to be very cautious and realistic about the barriers and the time frames they could expect and the uncertainties of achieving the residence dream if they were teaching.

Most schools (still) prefer locally trained teachers so ironically there has been a relative shortage of experienced teachers for a number of years; but it was the schools rather than the usual 'chicken and egg' situation surrounding jobs and work visas as the cause.

As a company, IMMagine has until recently advised our pre-primary, high/secondary and tertiary level teachers to use Australia as the 'back door' to New Zealand. We have been able to secure NZ Resident Visas off the back of Australian Permanent Residence Visas for a number of teachers. This means when they get off the plane they have full work rights and the schools will talk to them and if not offer them full time and permanent roles then perhaps as 'relief teachers'. If they cannot find anything then they could go and do whatever else they needed to in terms of work to put food on the table.

We have this year however had two high school teachers (one from Singapore and one from South Africa) secure full time and permanent teaching roles without visiting New Zealand (both got jobs in Auckland).

We are now representing a teacher from the Democratic Republic of the Congo who has been denied a visa to take up a job offered at an Auckland High School. The position he was offered was eventually filled locally after many months but the school has another vacancy going unfilled all year they have offered him.

Many schools are now reporting fewer than 5 applicants per vacancy advertised. 

How times have changed. Only four years or so ago the Ministry of Education was putting off those from overseas making enquiries about coming over as they said there were fewer teachers leaving the profession (caused by, it was believed, the global financial crisis where higher perceptions of job insecurity meant many were staying in their jobs rather than moving on).

This doesn't mean desperate school principals are standing at the Auckland Airport arrivals hall with some "Teachers Wanted!" signs, but this increasing shortage is real and presents opportunities for some teachers where few existed even 2-3 years ago.

We will likely not stop advising our clients to use the Australian 'back door' pathway as landing here with a Resident Visa trumps even a job offer and the whole NZ visa process to negotiate if a teacher finds a job. It is all about minimising risk and there is no substitute for the certainty of the Resident Visa in the hand!

Until next week...

Iain MacLeod
Southern Man 


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